Dental disease is the most frequently diagnosed health problem in veterinary medicine.
In 2010, tartar was the most common diagnosis in dogs (toy, small, medium and large breed) as well as cats, according to 2011 Report comprised of medical data from 2.1 million dogs and 450,000 cats that were cared for in 2010. The spectrum of dental disease in the dog and cat is wide and varied.
According to the American Veterinary Dental Society, more than 80 percent of dogs (62 million) and 70 percent (65.5 million) of cats develop gum disease by the age of three years. In the Banfield study, 78% of dogs and 68% of cats over age 3 presented with some form of dental disease.
Periodontal disease, grades 1 and 2, rank in the top 10 diagnoses for small dogs. The top five breeds in this study most likely to develop periodontal disease include the Toy Poodle, Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese, Pomeranian and Shetland Sheepdog.